|Years:||I'm 31 years old|
|Where am I from:||I'm canadian|
|Available to:||I like man|
|Figure type:||I'm quite chubby|
|I like to drink:||Gin|
Curtis deals with, in order: Communism in the Soviet Unionsystems analysis and game theory during the Cold Wareconomy of the United Kingdom during the s, the insecticide DDTKwame Nkrumah 's leadership in Ghana in the s, and the history of nuclear power.
The documentary makes extensive use of clips from the short film De for Dreamingespecially in the title sequence. Adam Curtis explained the background to the series: "I grew up in the late Fifties and Sixties.
To me, the scientist was a heroic figure in a white coat, who stood proudly in a gleaming laboratory. Everyone was captivated by the idea that science could be used to build a better world Pandora's Box was the first work by Adam Curtis to showcase his subsequently distinctive visual style. I was just starting out in TV and was almost in tears when editing because I could find nothing to illustrate pandora part 1 and I thought I was going to be sacked.
Out of that desperation I started raiding the BBC archive, I remember I even had talking squirrels in it at one point. Stylistically, a lot was born out of that necessity to get things done to a deadline. This episode, originally broadcast on 11 June details how the Bolshevik revolutionaries who came into power in attempted to industrialise and control the Soviet Union with rational scientific methods.
The Bolsheviks wanted to turn the Soviet people into scientific beings. Aleksei Gastev used social engineeringincluding a social engineering machine, to make people more rational. But Bolshevik politicians and bourgeois engineers came into conflict.
Lenin said, "The communists are not directing anything, they are being directed. Engineering schools gave those loyal to the party only limited training in engineering, to minimise their potential political influence. Industrialised America was used as a template to develop the Soviet Union.
Magnitogorsk was built to closely replicate the steel mill city Gary, Indiana. A former worker describes how they went so far as to create metal trees since trees could not grow on the steppe.
The , “pandora’s box” review, part 1: command breakdown
By the late s, Stalin-faithful engineers like Leonid BrezhnevAlexei Kosygin and Nikita Khrushchev grew in influence, due to Stalin eliminating many earlier Bolshevik engineers. They aimed to use engineering in line with Stalin's policies to plan the entire country. At Gosplanthe head institution of central planning, engineers predicted future rational needs.
The demand for coffins, novels and movies was all planned.
Pandora's trunk: part 1
When the plan measured tonnes carried per kilometer, trains went on long journeys simply to meet the quota. Sofas and chandeliers increased in size to meet requirements of material usage. When Nikita Khrushchev took over after Stalin, he tried to make improvements, including considering prices in the plan. In the s, computers began to be used to process economic data.
Consumer demand was calculated by computers from data gathered by surveys. But the time delay in the system meant that items were no longer in demand by the time they had been produced. Bythe country was in full economic crisis. Production had degenerated to a "pointless, elaborate ritual" and endeavours to improve the plan had been abandoned.
The narrator says, "What had begun as a grand moral attempt to build a rational society ended by creating a bizarre, bewildering existence for millions of Soviet people. This episode, originally broadcast on 18 June outlines how the United States government and its departments attempted to use systems analysis and game theory to develop strategies to control the nuclear threat and nuclear arms race during the Cold Warand, more specifically, to manage the "loss of control" crises encountered during events such as the Space Racethe Cuban Missile Crisisand the Vietnam War.
These were mathematical analysts employed by the American RAND Corporation to examine issues of America's national security in the nuclear age. They believed the world could be controlled by the scientific manipulation of fear. One problem, however, was the seemingly unpredictable and irrational nature of politicians, societies, and individuals, which rendered elements of the theory difficult to apply, as well as the challenge of finding accurate, impartial, and unmodified data on which to base concise predictions. In the end, their visions were obscured and became the stuff of science fiction fantasy.
John Nash is not pandora part 1, and the psychological and economical aspects of game theory are not included. This part, originally broadcast on 22 June focuses on how both the Conservative and Labour governments of the s attempted to use economists to engineer economic growth to specific targets, as well as programme post-war economic management in the United Kingdom, and attempts to prevent relative economic decline and the perception of the s Wilson governments that devaluation would jeopardise against national self-esteem.
By the mids, stagflation emerged to confound the Keynesian theories used by policy makers. Meanwhile, a group of economists had managed to convince Margaret ThatcherKeith Joseph and other British politicians that they had foolproof technical means to make Britain 'great' again. The stagflation of the s catapulted the then obscure economic theory of Monetarism to the forefront of political thought. By the late s Milton Friedman had been awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics and even some Labour politicians were claiming that government attempts to grow the economy by injecting capital was doing more harm than good by driving up inflation.
InMargaret Thatcher came to power and began to implement these new economic theories to drive down inflation by cutting government spending and raising interest rates, thus tightening the money supply. However, this failed to end inflation straight away, and caused widespread job loss and industrial decline. By the early s, unemployment had risen to 2. The Conservative Government decided to abandon the Monetarist pandora part 1 and lowered interest rates in an attempt to create jobs.
In fact, by the mids Mrs Thatcher claimed in a television interview that she had "never subscribed" to the theories of Milton Friedman. The episode ends with many of the economists involved in the ill-fated attempts to manage the economy arriving at the same conclusion their predecessors had 30 years before: they could only prevent an economic disaster, not engineer growth.
Other economists point out that other countries' successes had more to do with focusing on improving their education systems and industrial bases rather than large-scale attempts to engineer the entire nation's economy.
Another economist and adviser to Margaret Thatcher, Alan Buddworries that the whole Monetarist project might simply have been an attempt to reduce the economic and political power of the working class by raising unemployment and lowering wages, or as he puts it, "creating a reserve army of labour. This part, originally broadcast on 2 July focuses on attitudes to nature and tells the story of the insecticide DDTwhich was first seen as a saviour to humankind in the s, only to be claimed as a part of the destruction of the entire ecosystem in the late s.
It also outlines how the sciences of entomology and ecology were transformed by political and economic pressures. The episode appears to be named after the film Goodbye, Mrs. Insects were a huge problem in the United States, and they often ruined entire crops.
Emerging in the s, DDT and other insecticides seemed to offer the solution. As more insecticides were invented, the science of entomology changed focus from insect classification, to primarily testing new insecticides and exterminating insects rather than cataloguing them. But as early as —48, entomologists began to notice that insecticides were having a negative impact on other animals, particularly birds. Chemical companies portrayed the human battle against insects as a struggle for existence, and their promotional films in the s invoke Charles Darwin.
Darwin's biographer James Moore notes how the battlefield and life and death aspects of Darwin's theories were emphasised to suit the Cold War years. Scientists believed they were seizing power from evolution and redirecting it by controlling the environment. Inbiologist Pandora part 1 Carson released the book Silent Springwhich was the first serious attack on pesticides and outlined their harmful side effects.
It caused a public outcry, but had no immediate effect on the use of pesticides. Entomologist Gordon Edwards retells how he made speeches that were critical of Carson's book. He eats some DDT on camera to show how he demonstrated its apparent safety during these talks. The spraying of DDT in the growing suburbs on America brought the side effects to the attention of the wealthy and articulate middle classes.
Pandora's box: part ii
Victor Yannaconea suburbanite and lawyer, helped found the Environmental Defense Fund with the aim to legally challenge the use of pesticides. They argued that the chemicals were becoming more poisonous as they spreadas evidenced by the disappearance of the peregrine falcon.
It became headline news, with both sides claiming that everything America stood for was at stake.
This got massive media attention. Where once chemicals were seen as good, now they were bad. In the late s, ecology was a marginal science. But Yannacone used ecology as a scientific basis to challenge the DDT defenders' idea of evolution.
Similar to how the science of entomology had been changed in the s, ecology was transformed by the social and political pressures of the early s. Ecologists became the guardians of the human relationship to nature.
Full cast & crew
James Moore describes how people try to get Darwin on the side of their view of nature. In The Origin of Species nature is seen as being at war, but also likened to a web of complex relations. Here, Darwin gave people a basis for urging humans not to take control of nature but to cooperate with it. In popular imagination, a scientific theory has a single fixed meaning, but in reality it becomes cultural property, and is usable by different interested parties.
A chinese odyssey: part one - pandora's box
Twenty years later, the story of DDT continues with a press conference announcing the halting of construction in a skyscraper due to a nesting peregrine falcon being found there. Ornithologist David Berger criticises the event for helping to foster the myth of the sensitivity of nature. Joan Halifax  talks about ecology as a gift to human beings and all species, a moral lesson that gave rise not to utopiabut ecotopia.
Politics professor Langdon Winner theorises that social ideals are being read back to us as if they were lessons derived from science itself. The scientific notions of the s, the ideas of endless possibilities for exploitations of nature, are now seen as ill-conceived. And the ideas of ecology today may in 30 or 40 years seem similarly ill-conceived.
Pandora's box (part 1) (episode)
The episode ends with a quote from Darwin about seeking divine providence in nature. A dog might as well speculate on the mind of Newton. Let each man hope and believe what he can. The penultimate episode, originally broadcast on 9 July looks at how Kwame Nkrumahthe leader of the Gold Coast which became Ghana on independence from the United Kingdom in from toset Africa ablaze with his vision of a new industrial and scientific age.
At the heart of his dream was to be the huge Volta River damgenerating enough power to transform West Africa into an industrialised utopia and focal point of post-colonial Pan-Africanism.